Salary summary: Gender (Women) Japan

i SALARY PROFILES
156
i AVG. GROSS SALARY ($)
US$ 43,794
i AVG. GROSS SALARY
JPY 4,664,498
i AVG. NET SALARY
JPY 3,648,195

(100/100)  POSTDOCTORAL RESEARCHER


 Posted: 14 Jan 2020

Doctorate Degree, 2-4 years: "PCR, Western Blotting, IFA, Animal experiment. NGS, data analysis and other molecular lab techiques."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 4,500,000
US$ 41,152

(99/100)  BRAND MANAGER


 Posted: 14 Jan 2020

Bachelors Degree, 2-4 years: "PR strategies pianification, brand management, events management, international relations."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 3,360,000
US$ 30,727

(98/100)  SOFTWARE ENGINEER


 Posted: 26 Nov 2019

Bachelors Degree, 8-12 years: "Software development engineer."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 8,500,000
US$ 75,374

(97/100)  GLOBAL HUMAN RESOURCE COORDINATOR


 Posted: 12 Nov 2019

Masters Degree, 2-4 years: "Manage all the issues regarding the Japanese expatriates and the foreign trainees coming to Japan."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 3,699,200
US$ 32,803

(96/100)  ADMINISTRATION


 Posted: 13 Oct 2019

Masters Degree, 0-1 year: "Administration of international trainings."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 3,600,000
US$ 31,923

ANALYSE SALARIES


Compare your salary with others »

(95/100)  FIELD MONITORING SPECIALIST


 Posted: 12 Oct 2019

Bachelors Degree, 4-8 years: "Field monitoring."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 2,000,000
US$ 17,735

(94/100)  CEO ASSISTANT


 Posted: 29 Sep 2019

Bachelors Degree, 4-8 years: "Support the goals of the CEO in a wide range of tasks from administrative work, to marketing activities to recruitment."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 4,800,000
US$ 42,564

(93/100)  SENIOR MANAGER


 Posted: 10 Sep 2019

Bachelors Degree, 8-12 years: "Tax consultancy."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 15,000,000
US$ 133,013

(92/100)  QUALITY ENGINEER


 Posted: 17 Aug 2019

Bachelors Degree, 8-12 years: "Proactively support new product development in achieving quality standard (technical)."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 7,700,000
US$ 68,280

(91/100)  DATA CENTER ENGINEER


 Posted: 03 Aug 2019

Bachelors Degree, 1-2 years: "Data infrastructure operations."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 5,200,000
US$ 46,111

ANALYSE SALARIES


Compare your salary with others »

(90/100)  ADMINISTRATIVE MANAGER


 Posted: 23 Jul 2019

Bachelors Degree, 20+ years: "Build up the business scheme, administration work, plan the business strategy etc."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 5,000,000
US$ 44,338

(89/100)  BRAND MANAGER


 Posted: 07 Jul 2019

Bachelors Degree, 8-12 years: "Taking care of cosmetic brand relating distribution, sales and marketing."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 7,000,000
US$ 62,073

(88/100)  PROJECT MANAGER


 Posted: 27 Jun 2019

Masters Degree, 8-12 years: "Managing multiple teams working on an acquisition project. Adept at Project Management tools like PMx, JIRA etc."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 7,200,000
US$ 63,846

(87/100)  HR GENERALIST


 Posted: 27 Jun 2019

Bachelors Degree, 8-12 years: "Generalist of HR works."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 5,000,000
US$ 44,338

(86/100)  FINANCIAL PLANNING ANALYST


 Posted: 25 Jun 2019

Bachelors Degree, 8-12 years: "Financial Planning Analyst for International business."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 9,000,000
US$ 79,808

(85/100)  HR OPERATOR


 Posted: 23 Jun 2019

Bachelors Degree, 12-16 years: "Manage schedule for an interview, screening CV, give the advice to improve CV, Relocation package explanation, present clients in Tokyo, etc."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 3,500,000
US$ 31,036

(84/100)  THE MANAGER


 Posted: 18 Jun 2019

Bachelors Degree, 0-1 year: "I graduated from university."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 220,000
US$ 1,951

(83/100)  MIDDLE SCHOOL AND HIGH SCHOOL PRINCIPAL


 Posted: 29 Mar 2019

Doctorate Degree, 20+ years: "Managing teachers and staff in a school. Supervising budgets and curriculum development. Parent liaison. Discipline. Professional development and parent education. Mission and vision. Policy development and promulgation."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 14,000,000
US$ 124,145

(82/100)  FINANCE DERECTOR


 Posted: 27 Mar 2019

Masters Degree, 20+ years: "Finance director."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 17,000,000
US$ 150,748

(81/100)  EXECUTIVE ASSISTANT


 Posted: 22 Mar 2019

Some College, 1-2 years: "Translation,organize meetings."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 4,500,000
US$ 39,904

ANALYSE SALARIES


Compare your salary with others »

(80/100)  ASSISTANT LANGUAGE TEACHER


 Posted: 20 Mar 2019

Bachelors Degree, 4-8 years: "Assist homeroom teacher to teach English as a foreign language in elementary school."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 3,960,000
US$ 35,115

(79/100)  LAWYER


 Posted: 07 Mar 2019

Bachelors Degree, 2-4 years: "I am a lawyer. I represent big companies."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 10,000,000
US$ 88,675

(78/100)  TEACHER


 Posted: 23 Feb 2019

Bachelors Degree, 16-20 years: "Private high school English department."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 4,660,000
US$ 41,323

(77/100)  INTERPRETER


 Posted: 17 Jan 2019

Bachelors Degree, 4-8 years: "I am a Japanese-English-Indonesian translator and interpreter."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 2,400,000
US$ 21,282

(76/100)  ORACLE DATABASE


 Posted: 16 Jan 2019

Bachelors Degree, 16-20 years: "Oracle database management."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 9,000,000
US$ 79,808

(75/100)  FIRST GRADE TEACHER


 Posted: 13 Jan 2019

Masters Degree, 4-8 years: "Teaching kids and classroom management."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 5,000,000
US$ 44,338

(74/100)  BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT ANALYST


 Posted: 11 Jan 2019

Masters Degree, 4-8 years: "Business Development Analyst (Part-time)."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 5,000,000
US$ 44,338

(73/100)  LIFE INSURANCE UNDERWRITERS


 Posted: 08 Jan 2019

Bachelors Degree, 12-16 years: "Life insurance underwriters."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 4,000,000
US$ 35,470

(72/100)  MARKETING


 Posted: 27 Dec 2018

Bachelors Degree, 8-12 years: "Internak marketing and business development."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 4,500,000
US$ 39,904

(71/100)  CAR LEASING


 Posted: 10 Dec 2018

Masters Degree, 2-4 years: "Dealing with car delaers about finincal product."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 4,000,000
US$ 35,470

(70/100)  ORAL ENGLISH INSTRUCTOR


 Posted: 14 Nov 2018

Masters Degree, 1-2 years: "I teach full time 5 days a week."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 2,616,000
US$ 23,197

(69/100)  SALES SUPPORT


 Posted: 13 Nov 2018

Bachelors Degree, 2-4 years: "Commercial assistant Follow up of the orders Organizing the transportation of the goods."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 3,480,000
US$ 30,859

(68/100)  SUPERVISOR INTERNATIONAL SALES


 Posted: 29 Sep 2018

Masters Degree, 4-8 years: "Handling European market."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 7,500,000
US$ 66,506

(67/100)  SALES ENGINEER


 Posted: 18 Sep 2018

Bachelors Degree, 1-2 years: "Supporting sales to explain about our products that can create, analyze, visualize and share maps."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 4,500,000
US$ 39,904

(66/100)  ANALYST


 Posted: 14 Sep 2018

Masters Degree, 4-8 years: "Supply chain for industrial automation."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 5,500,000
US$ 48,771

(65/100)  SUPPORT HELPDESK


 Posted: 12 Sep 2018

Bachelors Degree, 2-4 years: "Recieve calls and support any inquiry for a system."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 2,400,000
US$ 21,282

(64/100)  QUANTITY SURVEYOR


 Posted: 10 Sep 2018

Bachelors Degree, 4-8 years: "Estimate, Contracts, Cost Analysis."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 2,784,000
US$ 24,687

(63/100)  REGISTERED NURSE


 Posted: 06 Sep 2018

Bachelors Degree, 4-8 years: "Registered Nurse at a gastro and surgical ward."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 5,000,000
US$ 44,338

(62/100)  HALL WORKER


 Posted: 24 Aug 2018

Bachelors Degree, 2-4 years: "I make bevarages do payment procedure and so on."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 1,030,000
US$ 9,134

(61/100)  INTERNATIONAL ADMINISTRATIVE COORDINATOR


 Posted: 23 Aug 2018

Bachelors Degree, 4-8 years: "Take care and handle accounting reports and all kinds of government related paperwork for 3 overseas countries: Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand. Speaking both Japanese and English to bridge the communication between head quarter in Japan and other branches."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 3,000,000
US$ 26,603

(60/100)  OVERSEAS BUSINESS RESEARCH ASSOCIATE


 Posted: 17 Aug 2018

Masters Degree, 2-4 years: "Researching global manufacturers."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 2,400,000
US$ 21,282

(59/100)  COMMUNICATION LEADER


 Posted: 13 Aug 2018

Bachelors Degree, 16-20 years: "Leading communication."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 9,000,000
US$ 79,808

(58/100)  WEB DEVELOPER


 Posted: 12 Aug 2018

High School, 4-8 years: "Web development in general."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 7,000,000
US$ 62,073

(57/100)  PROJECT MANAGER


 Posted: 05 Aug 2018

Doctorate Degree, 0-1 year: "Project manager."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 5,000,000
US$ 44,338

(56/100)  CIVIL ENGINEER


 Posted: 31 Jul 2018

Bachelors Degree education, 8-12 years of experience.
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 3,600,000
US$ 31,923

(55/100)  EVENT PROGRAM MANAGER


 Posted: 20 Jul 2018

Masters Degree, 8-12 years: "Program Manager."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 8,000,000
US$ 70,940

(54/100)  MARKETING


 Posted: 05 Jul 2018

Bachelors Degree, 12-16 years: "Digital Marketing."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 7,536,000
US$ 66,826

(53/100)  SAP CONSULTANT


 Posted: 02 Jul 2018

Bachelors Degree, 2-4 years: "Sap consultant at automotive company."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 2,478,000
US$ 21,974

(52/100)  ASSOCIATE CONSULTANT


 Posted: 05 Jun 2018

Bachelors Degree, 20+ years: "Associate consultant for headhunting/recruiting company."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 4,200,000
US$ 37,244

(51/100)  ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT ASSEMBLY


 Posted: 01 Jun 2018

Bachelors Degree, 0-1 year: "Assembling car navigators."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 1,692,000
US$ 15,004

(50/100)  SALES ASSISTANT


 Posted: 24 May 2018

Bachelors Degree, 2-4 years: "Filing production lists and regularly send to potential customers accounting sales profit."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 3,200,000
US$ 28,376

(49/100)  PROGRAM MANAGER


 Posted: 16 May 2018

Masters Degree, 20+ years: "Program, ecommerce, and product manager."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 7,000,000
US$ 62,073

(48/100)  ANALYST


 Posted: 15 Apr 2018

Bachelors Degree, 0-1 year: "Performance Measurement and Attribution Analyst."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 7,000,000
US$ 62,073

(47/100)  OFFICE MANAGER


 Posted: 05 Apr 2018

High School, 8-12 years: "Accounts payable, accounts receivable, secretarial duties."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 10,000,000
US$ 88,675

(46/100)  TRADE MANAGER


 Posted: 22 Mar 2018

Bachelors Degree, 8-12 years: "Pricing and allocation for specific trade services in a shipping company."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 7,901,587
US$ 70,068

(45/100)  CUSTOMER EXPERIENCE MANAGER


 Posted: 21 Mar 2018

Bachelors Degree, 8-12 years: "Drive cx design, run prototypes, user tests etc."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 7,726,640
US$ 68,516

(44/100)  CUSTOMER SERVICE OFFICER


 Posted: 18 Mar 2018

Bachelors Degree education, 2-4 years of experience.
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 5,000,000
US$ 44,338

(43/100)  EVENTS MANAGER


 Posted: 25 Feb 2018

Bachelors Degree, 12-16 years: "Managing PR and Events for Japan."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 8,000,000
US$ 70,940

(42/100)  GRAPHIC DESIGNER


 Posted: 12 Feb 2018

Masters Degree, 4-8 years: "Banner design, photo edition, web design."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 3,700,000
US$ 32,810

(41/100)  CONSULTANT


 Posted: 23 Jan 2018

Masters Degree, 8-12 years: "Consulting offiicial development assisntat project in the world."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 7,000,000
US$ 62,073

(40/100)  WAITRESS


 Posted: 08 Dec 2017

Some College, 0-1 year: "Serving foods to customers, cleaning the table, collecting dishes."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 1,580,000
US$ 14,130

(39/100)  SALES


 Posted: 07 Dec 2017

Masters Degree, 2-4 years: "Visit the doctor and pharmasist."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 6,000,000
US$ 53,657

(38/100)  ASSISTANT DIRECTOR


 Posted: 06 Dec 2017

Bachelors Degree, 1-2 years: "Assistance of research and filming."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 3,000,000
US$ 26,828

(37/100)  WAITRESS


 Posted: 02 Dec 2017

High School, 0-1 year: "Delivering Foods, Clean tables, cashier, take orders."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 600,000
US$ 5,366

(36/100)  ASSISTANT LANGUAGE TEACHER


 Posted: 26 Nov 2017

Bachelors Degree, 4-8 years: "Native English Speaker assisting Home Room Teachers."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 3,960,000
US$ 35,413

(35/100)  EDITOR IN CHEIF


 Posted: 22 Nov 2017

Masters Degree, 16-20 years: "EDITOR THE ARTICLE, WORK OUT NEW PROJECT WITH BOARDS, MANAGING SNS LIKE FACEBOOK."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 6,000,000
US$ 53,657

(34/100)  STUDENT


 Posted: 13 Nov 2017

Some College, 1-2 years: "I am a student, and I am working on a project, and I need access to this page, because I am the project is based on an educational project in Macedonia, and I need to make a budget justification page. Thank you."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 300,000
US$ 2,683

(33/100)  RESTAURANT HALL STAFF


 Posted: 01 Nov 2017

Some College, 0-1 year: "Take orders and serve for our customers."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 700,000
US$ 6,260

(32/100)  RESPONSIBLE OCCIDENT


 Posted: 27 Oct 2017

Masters Degree, 1-2 years: "Person in charge of the communication and the administration of the occidental job office."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 3,570,000
US$ 31,926

(31/100)  TRANSLATOR


 Posted: 08 Oct 2017

Bachelors Degree, 8-12 years: "Translating English to Japanese."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 1,500,000
US$ 13,414

(30/100)  MANAGER


 Posted: 27 Sep 2017

Bachelors Degree, 12-16 years: "- Web designer, - Manager - Director."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 5,000,000
US$ 44,714

(29/100)  ASSISTANT


 Posted: 12 Sep 2017

Masters Degree, 2-4 years: "The overseas company management."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 4,000,000
US$ 35,771

(28/100)  GLOBAL BUSINESS TEAM HEAD


 Posted: 11 Sep 2017

Bachelors Degree, 20+ years: "Overseeing Mergers and Acquisitions, risk management and also cross border transactions."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 10,000,000
US$ 89,428

(27/100)  ASSISTANT DIRECTOR


 Posted: 11 Sep 2017

Some College, 0-1 year: "General miscellaneous affairs including preparations for broadcasting."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 2,000,000
US$ 17,886

(26/100)  PLANNER


 Posted: 14 Aug 2017

Bachelors Degree, 0-1 year: "To make a plan of distribution network to optimize cost and shorten lead time."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 3,500,000
US$ 31,300

(25/100)  JUNIOR ARCHITECT


 Posted: 28 Jul 2017

Masters Degree, 0-1 year: "Design buildings and landscapes."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 3,500,000
US$ 31,300

(24/100)  ASOCIATE


 Posted: 27 Jul 2017

Bachelors Degree, 4-8 years: "Manage logistics, control distribution operation, improve supply chain."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 5,000,000
US$ 44,714

(23/100)  FREELANCE GRAPHIC DESIGNER


 Posted: 28 Jun 2017

High School, 8-12 years: "Freelance Graphic Designs, illustrations, etc."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 3,500,000
US$ 31,300

(22/100)  INTERNSHIP


 Posted: 27 Jun 2017

Bachelors Degree, 0-1 year: "I am doing sales and marketing in a real estate agency in Japan."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 960,000
US$ 8,585

(21/100)  WAITER OR WAITRESS


 Posted: 18 Jun 2017

Bachelors Degree, 0-1 year: "Take orders and deliver food, normal stuffs required."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 300,000
US$ 2,683

(20/100)  MARKET RESEARCH


 Posted: 16 Jun 2017

Masters Degree, 0-1 year: "Market research about application."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 200,000
US$ 1,789

(19/100)  HUMAN RESOURCE


 Posted: 12 Jun 2017

Bachelors Degree, 0-1 year: "International hiring. Mainly Korean, Japanese and sometimes Americans."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 4,200,000
US$ 37,560

(18/100)  OTHER FINANCE CAREER


 Posted: 25 Apr 2017

Bachelors Degree, 8-12 years: "Financial planning and analysis at a manufacturer."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 7,000,000
US$ 62,599

(17/100)  PROJECT MANAGER


 Posted: 20 Apr 2017

Bachelors Degree, 1-2 years: "International coomunication, english to japanese."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 4,900,000
US$ 43,820

(16/100)  TEACHER


 Posted: 17 Apr 2017

Bachelors Degree, 0-1 year: "Teaching english grammar and writing and reading."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 720,000
US$ 6,439

(15/100)  OTHER EDUCATION CAREER


 Posted: 10 Apr 2017

Some College, 16-20 years: "To teach english at a cram school and to communicate with students who are trying to enter higher education."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 300,000
US$ 2,683

(14/100)  OTHER EDUCATION CAREER


 Posted: 10 Apr 2017

Some College, 16-20 years: "To teach at cram school and teach English to the students who are trying to enter higher education."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 300,000
US$ 2,683

(13/100)  PROJECT COORDINATOR


 Posted: 05 Apr 2017

Masters Degree, 4-8 years: "Manage classes for foreign students."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 3,300,000
US$ 29,511

(12/100)  TOURISM AND TRAVEL


 Posted: 04 Apr 2017

Bachelors Degree, 2-4 years: "Land operator of Iran. Selling tour package, hotel, guide, ticket to Iran, and so on."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 2,500,000
US$ 22,357

(11/100)  ARTIST


 Posted: 17 Feb 2017

Masters Degree, 0-1 year: "Be responsible for character animation and camera animation."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 2,880,000
US$ 25,755

(10/100)  ENGINEER


 Posted: 04 Feb 2017

Doctorate Degree, 20+ years: "Education, teaching, administrative works."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 7,000,000
US$ 62,599

(9/100)  WAREHOUSING EMPLOYEE


 Posted: 30 Jan 2017

High School, 2-4 years: "I inventoried items (5000+) and assembled and moved pallets throughout the warehouse."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 4,674,000
US$ 41,799

(8/100)  PROJECT COORDINATOR


 Posted: 20 Jan 2017

Bachelors Degree, 4-8 years: "Project manager for art works between partners."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 5,000,000
US$ 44,714

(7/100)  CONSTRUCTION WORKER


 Posted: 14 Nov 2016

Masters Degree, 8-12 years: "I am Chief consultant in present company. English and Chinese and Japanese."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 4,500,000
US$ 38,510

(6/100)  OTHER ADMINISTRATION CAREER


 Posted: 03 Oct 2016

Bachelors Degree, 4-8 years: "Consultant in professional accounting firm."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 9,500,000
US$ 81,299

(5/100)  ASSISTANT MANAGER


 Posted: 04 Sep 2016

Masters Degree, 20+ years: "Analysis of business circumstance."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 7,000,000
US$ 59,905

(4/100)  ENGINEER


 Posted: 29 Jul 2016

Bachelors Degree, 1-2 years: "Construction consultant design engineer at civil consulting company."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 3,430,000
US$ 29,353

(3/100)  MARKETING MANAGER


 Posted: 07 Jun 2016

Bachelors Degree, 4-8 years: "Credit card marketing, especially of card usage."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 7,000,000
US$ 59,905

(2/100)  EDUCATION COORDINATOR


 Posted: 15 May 2016

Masters Degree, 4-8 years: "Program Coordinator and Language Lecturer for a Continuing Ed program."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 7,618,480
US$ 65,198

(1/100)  IT PROJECT MANAGER


 Posted: 27 Apr 2016

Some College, 2-4 years: "Worked for 2 ventures for 3years and now started up a companu with my partner.sales manager/producr manager."
Individual GROSS salary:
JPY 4,500,000
US$ 38,510

ANALYSE SALARIES


Compare your salary with others »
 Advertising

  SALARY BY LEVEL   

 •  Change Location

Avg. gross salary   Salary entries
195K JPY 18,000,000 01
155K JPY 17,000,000 01
135K JPY 14,000,000 02
125K JPY 14,000,000 01
105K JPY 9,500,000 01
85K JPY 8,857,500 08
75K JPY 7,889,065 09
65K JPY 7,234,365 14
55K JPY 5,614,585 08
45K JPY 4,849,333 24
35K JPY 3,799,274 39
25K JPY 2,635,335 24
15K JPY 1,676,854 10
Less JPY 609,285 14
 Advertising